ISSN: 2250-2777

International Legal Implications of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Incident
Author(s): Yeo Hoon Park, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC

The nuclear radiation exposure from Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in the aftermath of a massive earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan will lead to a flood of lawsuits from workers, residents, businesses, and even foreigners and foreign entities affected by the incident. This paper examines the international and Japanese legal framework which enables individuals and businesses that were affected by the incident to make claims against liable parties. Under the Workers’ Accident Compensation Insurance Law of 1947, employees of a nuclear power plant operator will be able to recover for any physical injuries or lost wages as a result of injury or death caused by a nuclear incident. Residents, businesses, foreigners, and foreign entities will be able to claim damages against TEPCO, the owner and operator of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant under Japan’s Act on Compensation for Nuclear Damage and Act on Indemnity Agreements for Compensation of Nuclear Damage.

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